James E. Lancaster, Ph.D.
© 2001, 2004

During the 19th century numerous artists and photographers traveled to Jerusalem and recorded the sites they visited. Two of the earliest and best known artists were Britishers William Bartlett, who made the first of his three visits in 1834, and David Roberts, who arrived in 1839. The illustrations of these, and other artists who followed them, were published both as individual prints and in travel books, such as Bartlett's Walks about Jerusalem or Henry Stebbing's The Christian in Palestine, that were sold in Europe, the British Isles and the United States.

This virtual gallery contains a selection of those 19th century illustrations of Jerusalem by Bartlett, Roberts and other artists. Some are from individual prints and others from books such as Charles Wilson's Picturesque Palestine, one of the travel books that gave armchair travellers a look at the far off holy city

All images in the gallery are from prints in the author's collection. Most were obtained from Steve Bartrick's Antique Prints and Maps in Ross-on-Wye, England. Similar prints are available from Postaprint Antique Maps and Prints in Bucks, England. The three David Roberts First Edition Folio prints were obtained from Medina Arts in Seattle, WA.

The gallery contains both uncoloured and coloured prints. Except for the First Edition David Roberts prints, the recent hand colouring was done by a professional colourist in England. With regard to the colouring, the following is from one of Steve Bartrick's web pages:

    "Most wood cuts and wood, copper and steel engravings were published uncoloured. There were exceptions - often botanical and fashion plates were hand coloured when published. Sometimes topographical prints not normally coloured would have colouring added as an 'extra' by the publisher, this option would usually add considerably to the cost so was not commonly taken up. Also the first owner may have had colour added as a special commision. Certain types of prints, such as aquatints and lithographs were more commonly hand coloured when published. Some of the series of large topographical aquatints were works of art in their own right."
The First Edition David Roberts Folio prints were published in two versions: an uncoloured Standard Edition (SE) and a hand-coloured Royal Subscription Edition (RSE). The First Edition prints in the following gallery are SE versions. For more on David Roberts prints visit the Medina Arts web site.

Sit back and enjoy a visit to 19th century Jerusalem. If you visited the gallery prior to May 2004, you will find that a number of new prints and several maps have been added. These are indicated by * in the list below.

Images and photographs (© 2001, 2004) in the gallery are the property of James E. Lancaster and may not be used for any commercial or religous purpose, or added to web sites, without permission from the owner. Permission may be requested by e-mail to LJAMES1 at (i.e., @) ix.netcom.com (no spaces).

The Gallery

Title Print


Views of Jerusalem from Outside the City Walls


Kidron Valley

City of David

Hinnom Valley

Temple Mount

The Old City Via Dolorosa Church of the Holy Sepulchre Beyond Jerusalem

Additional Sources of Prints and Photographs

David Robert's lithographs have been widely reproduced in book form. The four that I have are:

  • Roberts, David, The Holy Land, Studio Editions Ltd, London, 1993. This large-format, five-part book contains 123 coloured lithographs covering the entire Holy Land.
  • Roberts, David, The Holy Land, Jerusalem, Bestseller Publications Ltd, London, 1989. This large-format book contains 25 coloured lithographs from Jerusalem only.
  • Davies, W. D. , Eric M. Meyers and Sarah Walker Schroth, Jerusalem and the Holy Land Rediscovered, The Prints of David Roberts (1796-1864), Duke University Museum of Art, 1996.
  • Mancoff, Debra N., David Roberts, Travels in Egypt & The Holy Land, Pomegranate, San Francisco, 1999.

There are a number of books containing black and white photographs of Jerusalem taken in the 19th and early 20th centuries. They include photographs of many of the locations shown in the virtual gallery of prints. Six books that I have are:

  • Nir, Yeshayahu, The Bible and the Image, The History of Photography in the Holy Land, 1839-1899, University of Pennsylvania Press, 1985.
  • Wahrman, Dror, Carney Gavin and Nitza Rosovsky, Capturing the Holy Land, M. J. Diness and the Beginnings of Photography in Jerusalem, Harvard University Press, 1993.
  • Nassar, Issam, Photographing Jerusalem, The Image of the City in Nineteenth Century Photography, Columbia University Press, 1997.
  • Howe, Kathleen Stewart, Revealing the Holy Land, The Photographic Exploration of Palestine, Santa Barbara Museum of Art, 1997.
  • Osman, Colin, Jerusalem, Caught in Time, New York University Press, 2000.
  • Gibson, Shimon Jerusalem in Original Photographs, 1850-1920, Eisenbrauns, Winona Lake, IN, 2003.

Created February 2001
Last Update: 5/30/04

Return to:
Exploring the Holy Land